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Saturday, 19 August 2017

Saturday 19th August 2017

A cold start to the day with strong Westerly winds, a few more migrants on the reserve with 20 Willow Warbler around the observatory and 10 Wheatear (pictured) at the point. Also at the point 1 Purple Sandpiper & 1 Turnstone.
Feeding off the point 53 Common Tern plus 15 going South, 9 Sandwich Tern & 2 Little Tern.
Passage noted going South 45 Swallow, 25 House Martin, 7 Swift, 5 Sand Martin, 20 Oystercatcher, 1 Dunlin, 1 Little Egret & 1 Redshank.

23 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 10, Starling 9, Blue Tit 1, Goldfinch 1, Whitethroat 1, Wren 1.

Friday, 18 August 2017

Friday 18th August 2017

Despite the wind Dragonfly are out and about, including Common Darter.

A clear and breezy start to the day followed with a heavy downpour between 7am and 8am. Migrants noted on the reserve, 3 Willow Warbler, 2 Wheatear, 1 Blackcap & 1 Sparrowhawk. Offshore at the point 158 Common Tern, 11 Sandwich Tern, 1 Arctic Tern & 1 Med Gull. Passage going South, 17 Sand Martin, 10 Swift, 7 Swallow, 1 Grey Wagtail & 1 Golden Plover. Going North 15 Little Tern, 2 Gannet & 1 Turnstone.

4 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 2, Dunnock 1, Whitethroat 1

Thursday, 17 August 2017

Thursday 17th August 2017

Rain then drizzle to late morning. This seemed to force the passing waders down to sea level with south bound 111 Barwits, 100 Knot, 94 Dunlin, 59 Sanderling, 48 Ringed Plover, 23 Grey Plover, 19 Oystercatcher, 17 Swift, 12 Teal, 9 Turnstone, 6 Golden Plover, 6 Sandwich Tern, 5 Black-headed Gull, 4 Common Scoter, 3 Whimbrel, 2 Fulmar, 2 Greenshank, Curlew & Swallow plus 12 Common Tern & a Kittiwake north making it an enjoyable spell of sea watching. Apart from this not a lot else noted of note.

Vestal (top) is a half decent migrant moth for us. Also pictured the Agonopterix litorosa from a couple of days back having got another opinion on it's identification. We do seem to be doing well for additions to the site list this year.

Ringing: 1 Lesser Whitethroat.

Wednesday, 16 August 2017

Wednesday 16th August 2017

A very pleasant day, with little wind to aid migration, so not too busy, bird wise. Apart from 15 Willow Warblers, 7 Whitethroats, 4 Wheatear, Green Woodpecker(briefly) and this Sparrow Hawk(above), which also put in a very brief appearance, there wasn't much else to report.
Insect wise, the mild, still night meant the moth traps were quite busy. Several interesting moths turned up including this Gold Spot, a wetland species that prefers marshy places, so we understandably, don't see it here too often.

Ringed 13 birds:  9 Willow Warbler, 2 Whitethroat, 1 Linnet and 1 Dunnock.

Tuesday, 15 August 2017

Tuesday 15th August 2017

"Diddly squat" here today in the migrant bird department despite a light onshore breeze and mild with occasional drizzle. Last century these were ideal conditions for some half decent migrants but times have changed. On site 4 Wheatear, 4 Whitethroat, 3 Lesser Whitethroat single Lapwing, Willow Warbler & Yellow Wagtail. On the move southbound 7 Swallow & 7 Sand Martin.

Moth traps more interesting with Small Mottled Willow & Palpita vitrealis plus a first site record of Agonopterix liturosa (assuming we have identified correctly as this group can be a bit of a headache).

2 birds ringed: 1 Linnet, 1 Robin.

Monday, 14 August 2017

Monday 14th August 2017

A Corn Bunting that departed to the north is notable and is presumably a dispersing juvenile from the population in north-east Essex. Also on the move single Grey Heron & Little Egret heading north plus a handful of hirundines & waders southbound. Grounded migrants included 6 Willow Warbler, 5 Wheatear & Yellow Wagtail. Difficult to know whether the 11 Whitethroats & 2 Lesser's present are part of the locally bred offspring or migrants passing through. A total of 5 pairs of Whitethroats & 3 pairs of Lesser's nested this year with several of them churning out second broods. Over 70 Common & 30 Sandwich Terns were feeding off the point early on. Is the increasing numbers of Sandwich feeding on site this autumn connected to the breeding events up the coast at Minsmere this year ?

Everyone likes a Pale Prominent and if you don't then go and get some therapy !

8 birds ringed: 2 Robin, 2 Linnet, 2 Greenfinch, 1 Whitethroat, 1 Blackbird.

Sunday, 13 August 2017

Ringed Plovers 2017

2017 Ringed Plover breeding bird summary

Five Pairs bred. First nest of 4 eggs found 3rd April so laying must have started end March. Last chicks predated between 10th & 11th August.

One pair reared 2 young on first attempt & failed at chick stage on second attempt.

One pair failed at egg stage on first attempt, reared 1 young on the second attempt & failed at the egg stage on the third attempt.

One pair reared 2 chicks on first attempt & failed at chick stage on the second attempt.

One pair failed at the egg stage on the first, second & third attempt.

One pair failed at the egg stage on the first attempt & reared 2 young on the second attempt.

Total of 7 young reared to fledging.

Sunday 13th August 2017

At least 16 species of butterfly noted this morning including Small Heath. A handful of very common migrants present in small numbers augmented by the first Nightingale recorded here this year. On the move heading south 63 Swallow, 2 Avocet, 2 Common Tern, 2 Yellow Wagtail & Marsh Harrier plus north bound 2 Sandwich Tern.

Canary-shouldered Thorn is a good one for us not seen annually.

7 birds ringed: 3 Willow Warbler, 1 Wren, 1 Reed Warbler, 1 Nightingale, 1 Wood Pigeon.

Saturday, 12 August 2017

Saturday 12th August 2017

Generally a quieter day today, remaining overcast and the wind gathered pace during the morning. Migrants noted on the reserve were 10 Willow Warbler & 1 Reed Warbler which was singing in front of the observatory. At the point 36 Common Tern plus 12 going North & 1 Sandwich Tern. Offshore going South 19 Swallow, 16 Black-headed Gull, 3 Redshank & 1 Whimbrel.

As the autumn progresses species like Orange Swift are starting to appear.

10 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 7, Linnet 1, Robin 1, Whitethroat 1

Friday, 11 August 2017

Friday 11th August 2017

Calm continued again today, with good cloud cover to start the day which cleared by mid morning. A juvenile Whinchat (pictured) was the first of the autumn for Landguard seen at the point this morning and a Wheatear was in the same area. Other birds noted on the reserve this morning 7 Willow Warbler, 1 Blackcap, 1 Reed Warbler & 1 Sparrowhawk.
Feeding off the point 25 Black-headed Gull plus 6 going South, 3 Common Tern & 1 Sandwich Tern.
Passage offshore going South 10 Swallow, 6 House Martin, 5 Teal & 1 Little Egret, going North 28 Greylag Goose & 2 Oystercatcher plus 1 going South.

Small Ranunculus has colonised the site over the last 20 years but it is still infrequent in the moth traps.

12 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 5, Dunnock 2, Blackbird 1, Goldfinch 1, House Sparrow 1, Robin 1, Wheatear 1

Ringing Recovery

Whinchat ringed this spring13th May 2017 at Oostvaadersdijk, Ijsselmeerpolders, The Netherlands retrapped 273km away at Landguard four days later. This is only the fourth ever foreign ringed Whinchat to have been found in the UK and the first from Holland. Two previous British Whinchats ringed on autumn passage in the UK have been trapped in spring in The Netherlands suggesting that at least some British Whinchats travel through Holland on spring migration.

Thursday, 10 August 2017

August litter pick

Litter Pick this Saturday 12th August 0930hrs start. Usual arrangements on Events page of

Thursday 10th August 2017

The rain on Wednesday afternoon continued into a night of heavy rainfall that only eased after first light this morning. Noted on the reserve were 12 Willow Warbler, 1 Sedge Warbler at the observatory and 1 Wheatear was at the Butts pond.
It was much busier offshore with the highlight of the morning being 3 Arctic Skua going North, other passage going North 184 Common Tern plus 22 South and 11 feeding on the point, 44 Gannet, 27 Common Scoter, 11 Sandwich Tern plus 2 South and 3 on the point, 1 Fulmar plus 1 South & 1 Arctic Tern.
Passage going South 24 Oystercatcher, 2 Grey Heron, 1 Common Sandpiper & 1 Sanderling.
Coming in West off the sea 1 Golden Plover.
Very quiet in the moth traps today but was to be expected from the overnight wind and rain.

9 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 6, House Sparrow 1, Magpie 1, Sedge Warbler 1

Wednesday, 9 August 2017

Wednesday 9th August 2017

What started as a pleasant, if overcast morning, deteriorated by midday as the rain set in. However plenty of birds were about, both on land and at sea, as a good number of Warblers were feeding on site, including at least 15 Willow Warbler(above), 9 Whitethroat, 3 Lesser Whitethroat, 2 Reed Warbler and 2 Chiffchaff. Swallows and Sand Martins are on the move south, with 45 of the former and 5 the latter. Offshore max of 68 Common Tern feeding near point + 26 passing north and 19 south, along with 10 Oyster Catcher, ones & twos of Fulmar, Redshank, Whimbrel, Curlew, Golden & Grey Plover + a lone Avocet also going south. Lastly a Juvenile Yellow-legged Gull was seen loafing in the Harbour.  
The moth traps were much quieter, although this Brimstone moth is always nice to see.

Ringed 17 birds: 8 Willow Warbler, 2 each of Greenfinch, Linnet and Whitethroat and 1 each of Lesser Whitethroat, Reed Warbler and Robin.

Tuesday, 8 August 2017

Tuesday 8th August 2017

A cloudy and calm start to the day, the direction and speed of the wind was difficult to evaluate. Noted on the reserve this morning 8 Willow Warbler, 3 Reed Warbler, 3 Wheatear & 1 Sparrowhawk. Going South over the reserve 2 Yellow Wagtail.
Passage going South offshore 22 Common Tern plus 23 feeding on the point, 11 Black-headed Gull, 9 Common Scoter, 6 Oystercatcher, 5 Whimbrel, 2 Dunlin & 1 Curlew.

With the size of the Landguard moth list to get 2 additions in a morning takes some doing. Glyphipterix schoenicolella and Ptocheuusa paupella both inhabit damp areas with the former being the rarer of the two in Suffolk.  (Postscript - after closer examination of the first named moth above it is probably G.equitella not as above but boy o boy this particular group are not easy !)

21 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 6, House Sparrow 3, Reed Warbler 3, Linnet 2, Robin 2, Whitethroat 2, Blackbird 1, Lesser Whitethroat 1, Wren 1

Monday, 7 August 2017

Monday 7th August 2017

A clear sky at the start of the day gave to a warm morning with increasing cloud cover as the day progressed. A few new migrants were noted at Landguard, on the reserve 25 Willow Warbler, 3 Wheatear, 1 Black Redstart, 1 Reed Warbler, 1 Sparrowhawk, 1 Spotted Flycatcher, 1 Yellow Wagtail.
Going South offshore, 33 Common Tern plus 3 feeding at the point, 18 Swallow, 15 Oystercatcher, 7 Curlew, 6 Golden Plover & 1 Whimbrel. Going North offshore 11 Barnacle Geese.

Rosy Rustic is one of those autumnal species now turning up as the season progresses.

25 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 14, Linnet 6, Goldfinch 1, House Sparrow 1, Robin 1, Spotted Flycatcher 1, Woodpigeon 1.

Sunday, 6 August 2017

Sunday 6th August 2017

Autumn migration has started with early returning Warblers and Hirundines beginning to head back south for the winter. Around 15 each of Willow Warblers and Whitethroats, along with lesser numbers of Lesser Whitethroat, Yellow Wagtails, Sand Martins and Swallows being on the move, although the family of Swallows around the fort are not yet ready, as the brood of 5 young(one of which above) have only fledged today.  
Much quieter in the moth traps overnight, although this Plain Pug, a Saltmarsh and tidal estuary dweller, may not have had far to come, but is a species we don't see too often here.

Ringed 9 birds: 4 Willow Warbler, 3 Robin, 1 Whitethroat and 1 Sedge Warbler.

Saturday, 5 August 2017

Saturday 5th August 2017

Brief showers to start a much calmer day at Landguard, noted on the reserve during the morning 12 Willow Warbler, 2 Wheatear, 1 Great Spotted Woodpecker, 1 Sedge Warbler & 1 Sparrowhawk, passage going South offshore, 37 Sand Martin, 20 Swallow plus 20 West, 20 Oystercatcher, 8 Curlew, 5 Common Tern plus 3 Feeding on the point, 1 Common Gull, 1 Grey Heron, 1 House Martin & 1 Whimbrel.

Two-spotted Wainscot is a reed bed species that only visits us occasionally.

14 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 7, Goldfinch 3, Blackbird 2, House Sparrow 1, Whitethroat 1

Friday, 4 August 2017

Friday 4th August 2017

Noted on the reserve this morning, the first Wheatear of the autumn, which became illusive as footfall increased on the reserve, other grounded migrants were 1 Skylark and 6 Willow Warbler. A single Hobby and Sparrowhawk also put in a brief appearance over the reserve.
Offshore during high tide 20 Common Tern were feeding off the point, passage going South 8 Sand Martin, 6 Swift, 4 Oystercatcher, 4 Redshank, 4 Whimbrel, 2 Curlew, 2 Sanderling, 1 Great Crested Grebe & 1 House Martin.

Sandhill Rustic is a nationally scarce species that gave us a lot of grief in the earlier days of moth trapping as the literature to enable correct identification was inadequate to say the least.

13 birds ringed: 4 House Sparrow, 3 Willow Warbler, 2 Linnet, 1 Blackbird, 1 Dunnock, 1 Lesser Whitethroat, 1 Whitethroat

Thursday, 3 August 2017

Thursday 3rd August 2017

Although some successfully hibernate in the South of the UK the Humming-bird Hawk-moth is a migrant from Southern Europe and Africa. It is a day flying moth and can be seen feeding on tubular flowers like Vipers-bugloss and has occurred in reasonable numbers at Landguard this year. The wind is in full force from the West today and continues to negatively affect the numbers of moths being recorded in the traps.
Migrant birds noted this morning 3 Willow Warbler, 2 Arctic Tern, 2 Sandwich Tern. Passage going South offshore 63 Swift, 53 Common Term plus 15 at the point, 16 Dunlin, 7 Turnstone, 6 Whimbrel, 5 Oystercatcher, 4 Greenshank, 2 Curlew, 1 Golden Plover, 1 Sand Martin & 1 Swallow. Going North 3 Gannet.

4 birds ringed: House Sparrow 4

Wednesday, 2 August 2017

Wednesday 2nd August 2017

Lots of birds about, both on land and passing offshore, with at least 12 Willow Warblers on site as they slowly make their way back to Africa for the winter, along with small numbers of Swifts, Swallows and Sand Martins. Another Hobby was seen chasing the Finches across the reserve, whilst offshore lots of waders are on the move with 27 Oyster Catcher, 10 Turnstone, with another one lingering around the jetty(above), 9 Dunlin, 5 Redshank, 5 Curlew, 4 Whimbrel, 4 Sanderling, 3 Golden Plover, 3 Knot and 1 Bar-tailed Godwit all going south + 3 Arctic Terns also south. Also amongst the feeding Gulls and Terns around the harbour were 24 Common and 4 Sandwich Terns + a juvenile Yellow-legged Gull.
A new species of moth for the site was recorded in the traps, this Citron Plume(Hellinsia carphodactyla), a very scarce, yellow tinged species that feeds on Ploughman's Spikenard, a plant that occurs on site in small numbers.

18 birds ringed: 8 Willow Warbler, 2 each of Lesser Whitethroat, Linnet and Blue Tit and 1 each of Greenfinch, Dunnock, Robin and Ringed Plover.

Tuesday, 1 August 2017

Tuesday 1st August 2017

The wind speed had greatly reduced overnight leading into a calmer and warmer morning. Noted on the reserve were 12 Willow Warbler & 1 Great Spotted Woodpecker. A brood of Lesser Whitethroat have fledged, they are a second clutch for the pair at the observatory. Moving South along the beach, 123 Swallow, 34 Sand Martin, 6 Oystercatcher & 4 Common Tern plus 15 seen feeding at the point, going North was 1 Little Egret.

Cream-bordered Green Pea is a nationally scarce species although the odd ones we get may, or may not, be immigrants rather than it being an on site resident.

33 birds ringed: Linnet 10, Willow Warbler 9, House Sparrow 4, Goldfinch 3, Lesser Whitethroat 3, Whitethroat 3, Wren 1

Monday, 31 July 2017

July 2017 ringing totals

237 birds of 26 species ringed during July, this is a good average over the last 10 years for July.

House Sparrow 59
Starling 56
Linnet 25
Goldfinch 9
Greenfinch 9
Willow Warbler 9
Wren 9
Great Tit 8
Robin 8
Dunnock 6
Lesser Whitethroat 6
Whitethroat 6
Blackbird 4
Chiffchaff 4
Great Spotted Woodpecker 3
Reed Warbler 3
Black Redstart 2
Blackcap 2
Woodpigeon 2
Blue tit 1
Coal Tit 1
Cuckoo 1
Grey Wagtail 1
Sedge Warbler 1
Song Thrush 1
Swallow 1

Monday 31st July 2017

The Clouded Yellow butterfly has only been recorded on one previous occasion so far this year, it is an immigrant originating from Southern Europe and North Africa so numbers occurring do fluctuate greatly, during a good year they can produce up to three broods.
A strong Westerly wind and cooler temperature overnight continues to influence low return on the moth traps.
Noted moving South over the reserve this morning, 9 Swallow, 8 Sand Martin, 7 Swift, 3 Willow Warbler, 1 Hobby, 1 Sparrowhawk & 1 Yellow Wagtail. Accumulating on the point coming into the high tide, 24 Common Tern plus 2 North and 4 South, 1 Sandwich Tern plus 2 North & 1 Turnstone.
Passage offshore going South, 18 Oystercatcher, 7 Redshank, 5 Dunlin, 3 Teal, 3 Tufted Duck, 2 Grey Plover, 2 Whimbrel, 1 Green Sandpiper & 1 Turnstone.

5 birds ringed: Willow Warbler 3, Blackbird 1, Dunnock 1

Sunday, 30 July 2017

Sunday 30th July 2017

Autumn migration has stalled due to the overnight rain, but the odd grounded migrant has appeared, like this juvenile Yellow Wagtail. Otherwise very quiet with the bulk of records today being 76 Sand Martin, 27 Swallow, 14 Common Tern, 5 Sandwich Tern, 10 Oyster Catcher, 1 each of Golden Plover and Turnstone all heading south, + a Hobby which appeared to be heading that way and a Kestrel that was definitely going that way as it was over the sea.
The moth traps are less busy of late due to the cooler, more unsettled weather, but there were still a few surprises like this Scarce Bordered Straw, a scarce immigrant to us, but a widespread pest species globally.

18 birds ringed: 17 Starling, 1 Goldfinch.

Saturday, 29 July 2017

Saturday 29th July 2017

Worn butterflies always cause a bit of head scratching, this Brown Angus with a bluish cast across the body makes one appreciate why it may be confused with a female Common Blue.
Strong westerly wind overnight with light showers that eased coming into dawn. New birds noted on the reserve during the morning, Willow Warbler increasing with 4 seen around the Holm Oaks, a Green Woodpecker was mobile and vocal around the bramble in front of the observatory and a Hobby landed briefly towards the point then continued South.
Offshore passage going South 181 Swift, 12 Common Tern plus 5 feeding at the point, 12 Curlew, 5 Black-tailed Godwit, 4 Oystercatcher, 3 Bar-tailed Godwit, 3 Turnstone.

Moth traps very poor in recent days due to wind but with the recent precipitation come plenty of edible fungi onsite (although when they get to this size they tend to be a bit "maggoty" here)

44 birds ringed: House Sparrow 17, Starling 13, Goldfinch 4, Linnet 4, Willow Warbler 4, Whitethroat 2

Friday, 28 July 2017

Friday 28th July 2017

Occasionally an unexpected bird shows up. Presumed an escaped captive, as it is naturally found in Australia, Diamond Dove is not a first for Landguard although it has been since 1989 that the previous one was recorded here.
Noted on the reserve this morning as geographically correct migrants, 2 Willow Warbler & 1 Sparrowhawk. Going South at first light over the reserve were 649 Swift, then during the rest of the morning offshore were 3 Swallow, 2 Sand Martin, 3 Grey Plover, 2 Oystercatcher, 1 Common Tern plus 3 at the point on the high tide. Going North were 2 Sandwich Tern.

Windy conditions the last couple of nights equals low moth numbers although this doesn't stop Silver Y's being well represented.

3 birds ringed: Dunnock 1, Linnet 1, Willow Warbler 1

Ringing Recovery

Over 1.1 million Sedge Warblers have been ringed in the UK but we handle very few. Out of only two ringed at Landguard in May this year one done on 7th May 2017 was retrapped 848km away on 3rd June 2017 at Sore Merkeskog, Utsira, Rogaland, Norway which is presumably somewhere near its intended breeding grounds. Out of these million odd Sedgies ringed by the UK ringing scheme since its inception only four have previously been recovered in Norway (with only five Norwegian ringed Sedgies having been recovered going the other way in this country) which would suggest that very very few Sedge Warblers fly back and forth over the North Sea.

Thursday, 27 July 2017

Thursday 27th July 2017

A strong Westerly breeze overnight continued through the morning. Of note on the reserve was a Sparrowhawk seen around the Butts pond, moving South early over the reserve were 339 Swift and moving South offshore during the morning were 7 Sand Martin, 2 House Martin, 3 Oystercatcher, 2 Curlew, 2 Whimbrel, 2 Sandwich Tern plus 2 coming West into the river mouth.

Svensson's Copper Underwing is difficult to tell from Copper Underwing but in this freshly emerged one the palps are dark with pale tips despite other features on it being analogous with its congener.

No birds ringed:

Wednesday, 26 July 2017

Wednesday 26th July 2017

The winds today are much more conducive to migration than of late, its a shame its not peak migrant time at the moment. A lot of activity however was occurring just offshore, with good numbers of Terns feeding in the river mouth, including both an adult and juvenile Arctic Tern, along with 48 Common and 8 Sandwich . Waders also put in an appearance with 6 Whimbrel, 6 Oyster Catcher, 4 Turnstone and 2 Sanderling all going south + 11 Teal, whilst 65 Common Scoter went north.
The local Starlings are beginning to take advantage of the ripening Elderberries as can be seen by the picture above.
The moth traps were not quite so busy with larger moths, but the smaller micro moths are still plentiful in number, including this Horse-chestnut Leaf Minor Cameraria ohridella,  which although only being discovered in Britain for the first time 15 years ago, has become a widespread pest on "Conker" trees right across the country.

3 birds ringed: 1 each of House Sparrow, Great Tit and Lesser Whitethroat.

Tuesday, 25 July 2017

Tuesday 25th July 2017

The Sea Holly is looking good with several new clumps starting to establish on the reserve away from the main area traditionally found.
On the beach this morning 5 Sanderling were feeding along the tideline, noted on the reserve were 2 Reed Warbler, 1 Black Redstart, 1 Sedge Warbler, 1 Willow Warbler. Passing over the reserve 6 Swift and 1 Yellow Wagtail all going North, movement seen offshore going South were 22 Black-headed Gull, 18 Oystercatcher, 2 Whimbrel, 1 Curlew,  1 Redshank, 1 Sandwich Tern plus 1 North. Coming in off the sea mid morning 1 Lapwing.

Cooler breezier weather conditions equals fewer moths. Archer's Dart is a specialist of vegetated shingle and sand dune areas so does well here.

21 birds ringed: House Sparrow 13, Black Redstart 1, Blackbird 1, Greenfinch 1, Linnet 1, Reed Warbler 1, Sedge Warbler 1, Song Thrush 1, Whitethroat 1

Monday, 24 July 2017

Monday 24th July 2017

A cooler start today and the breeze gathered pace leading into showers mid morning. Noted on the reserve was a Green Woodpecker moving around the bramble in front of the observatory and a Reed Warbler was also present, on the beach 3 Sanderling and 1 Dunlin had stopped off  and were feeding along the tideline.
Passage offshore going South were, 3 Shelduck, 3 Oystercatcher, 1 Curlew, 1 Whimbrel and 1 Redshank, 51 Swift were noted flying high coming in off the sea.

White Satin moth turns up occasionally, they may, or may not be immigrants as local populations do occur.

7 birds ringed: House Sparrow 2, Greenfinch 1, Linnet 1, Reed Warbler 1, Robin 1, Wren 1